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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Diriba Alemayehu Gadisa* and Amelework Gidisa Duresa


Introduction: Pediatric Injectable antibiotic prescription is a major concern in terms of public health, since infections are the most frequent cause of childhood disease. Irrational prescribing is a habit which is difficult to counteract and this may lead to ineffective treatment, health risks, patient non-compliance, drug wastage, wasting resources and unnecessary expenditure. Objective: The aim of this hospital-based cross sectional study was to assess the pattern of Injectable antibiotic prescription and its use in the in-patient Pediatric ward of Ambo Hospital. Methods: Retrospective cross sectional study of medication records of hospitalized pediatric patients who received injectable antibiotic from February, 2013 to February, 2014 GC at in-patient pediatrics ward of Ambo Hospital. The study employed a cross-sectional quantitative survey. Results: At the Ambo Hospital from February, 2013 to February, 2014 GC, totally 1524 children were admitted and 1156(75.85%) of them were treated with the injectable antibiotics. A total of 512 client documents were collected and analyzed out of which 292 (57.03%) were male and 220(42.92%) were female. Pneumonia was most frequently seen and treated at all age groups that was 27.34%, 13.67%, 3.71%, 4.88% and 1.17% for 0-1, 1-3, 3-5, 5-10 and 11-14 years age groups. Chloramphenicol injection +Penicillin-G crystalline 161(53.48%) were the most frequently prescribed combined antibiotics while ceftriaxone accounted for 198(38.66 %) of the single frequently prescribed injectable antibiotic. Most often an inappropriate use of injectable antibiotics prescribed was interms of inappropriate indication; ceftraxone 93(39.9%) and Cloxacillin injection 11(73.33%) and CAF injection 80(40.40%) of them took this drug for inappropriate duration of treatment which followed by ampicillin 59(64.13%) and gentamicin 49(47.50%) from 92 and 103 pediatric patient who took it respectively. Conclusion: In the hospital most frequently antibiotic prescribed were ceftriaxone, CAF, and penicillin G crystalline while Pneumonia was the most frequently diagnosed disease. Significant number of patients was prescribed with inappropriate over all injectable antibiotics as per WHO indicators.

Keywords: Injectable, antibiotics, pediatrics, in-patient, irrational.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia