RELEVANCE OF 5F, WITH GALLSTONES: A STUDY ON 110 CASES
*Minhaj Ahmad, Anees Ismail and Iqbal Azeez
Gallstone (Cholelithiasis) is a most common disease of female, in Unani medicine it is known as Hisat-e-Mararah/ Hisat-e-Kabid. It is a disease of extra hepatic biliary system, which constitutes hepatic ducts, common hepatic duct, cystic duct, gall bladder and common bile duct. There is no definite etiopathogenesis of this disease. But it has an established relation with 5 F (fatty, fertile, flatulent, female of fifty). This hypothesis is not proved scientifically. Present paper is an attempt to evaluate the hypothesis of this 5F. For this purpose we conducted clinical study at out patient department of A.K. Tibbiya College Hospital A.M.U., Aligarh. A total of 110 patients were registered and admitted in the in-door patient department. Clinical and socio-economic data were recorded. Out of 110, 101 patients were female, from different selections of the society. In the outcome of study we found that there was no relation of the etiopathogenesis of cholelithiasis with 5F. Only one F is found that majority of sufferers are female. We concluded that gall-stone is a disease of multifactorial etiopathogenesis. It is evident that trend is being changed, maybe due to environmental effect.
Keywords: Hisat-e-Mararah, Gallstone, Cholelithiasis.
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