DIABETES MELLITUS AND HYPERTENSION: A PROSPECTIVE COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY
*Maharaj Biswas and Chanchal Kumar Manna
Objective: To evaluate the current prevalence and distribution of diabetes and hypertension and their relationship within the Studied people. Methods: Door-to-door population based survey work was conducted to collect data regarding diabetes and hypertension and their associated risk factors (sociodemographic and biochemical) from 2,453 members of households of studied people. Blood samples were collected from 114 willing participants for the biochemical analysis. Data were analyzed using chi-square test at both 2.5% and 5% level of significance. Results: Overall crude prevalence of hypertension was 15.85% in studied people. Male (17.43%) showed a higher hypertensive rate than female (14.35%). The rate of hypertension in diabetic (47.37%) patients was very high in comparison to non-diabetic (22.10%) group of people. Mean BP (SBP/DBP) in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects were 139.52/92.36 mmHg and 118.34/81.26 mmHg respectively. Significant increase of both SBP (p<0.01) and DBP (p<0.05) were observed in diabetic subjects in contrast to non diabetic group of people. Chi-square test revealed that there was a significant (p<0.025) increase of hypertension in diabetic group of people. Conclusions: The results indicate that the hypertension as well as blood pressure was significantly associated with diabetes.
Keywords: Hypertension, Diabetes, Scheduled Caste community, Blood pressure, Normotensive, Cardiovascular diseases.
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