EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL, SOUTH-EAST, NIGERIA

Cornelius Nwozor*, Kosisochukwu Ifemenam, Echezona Chikelueze, Onyedika Chukwuemeka, Dennis Adinnu, Cynthia Iwuamadi and Henry Enwelum

.

ABSTRACT

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) among healthcare workers (medical doctors,
nurses, medical/clinical students, and medical laboratory scientist) at Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu
University Teaching Hospital (COOUTH) were investigated. It was a descriptive, cross sectional study using semi
structured questionnaires (217) which were distributed to the healthcare workers. Ethical approval was obtained.
Results showed that 121 (55.76 %) of the participating healthcare workers were medical (clinical) students, 32
(14.75 %) were medical doctors, 45 (20.74 %) were nurses, 10 (4.61 %) were pharmacists, and 9 (4.15 %) were
laboratory scientists. Males were 136 (62.67 %) while females were 81 (37.33 %). Those with 10 or more years of
experience were 27 (12.44 %), 34 (15.67 %) had 5 to 9 years’ experience, while 156 (71.89 %) had less than 5
years’ experience. 78 (35.9%) of the 217 respondents were exposed to HIV. The result of the study showed a high
awareness and positive attitude towards PEP. The practice of PEP was fair and needs improvement. PEP services
and information should be made available to healthcare workers. This will help address the issue of occupational
exposure to HIV and other blood-borne pathogens.

Keywords: HIV, healthcare workers, practice, PEP, questionnaires.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia