ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PHARMACISTS AND PHYSICIANS TOWARD GENERIC MEDICINE USE IN PRIVATE CLINICS AND DISPENSARY OF MEKELLE CITY, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA
Hayelom Gebrekirstos, Abadi Kidanemariam* and Gebremedhin Gebrezgiabher
Background: The use of generic drugs has increased significantly in recent years. Since generic drugs are
available at a lower cost, they provide an opportunity for saving in drug expenditure. Thus, use of generic drugs is
encouraged especially in developing countries. There are only a few studies concerning the perceptions and
attitudes of the healthcare providers towards generic drug use in Ethiopia and study area, Mekelle.
Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of health professionals towards generic medicines Mekelle
Method and Material: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted between May –June 2015 in private
Pharmacy and Hospitals of Mekelle City. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire by pharmacy
professional, one pharmacist and physician from all in private dispensary and clinic were included in the study (49
pharmacy and physicians). Data was described using frequency, percentage and graphs. Association was examined
between Socio-demographic variables with knowledge and perception of professionals.
Result: Of all the participants 31(63.3%) were male and majority, 38(77.6%) were graduated within the range of
2000-2006 year. From all the pharmacists and physicians 17(34.7%) strongly disagree, 12(24.5) disagree,
10(20.40%) agree with the generic drugs have more side effects than brand drugs. Regarding substitution of
generic drugs, 28.6% participants had no idea about the issue. Of all respondents 51.10% believe as generic and
brand drugs are totally similar. On non- parametric examination having a postgraduate physicians had significantly
associated with strongly agreeing on the issue of generic has less effect than brands (P=0.018).In addition,
postgraduate physicians and a strongly agree with patients prefer original brands than generics (p=0.023)
Conclusion: our study revealed as there were gap on knowledge and perception of pharmacists and physicians
towards generic and brand drugs. Especially postgraduate physicians have an effect on influencing patient’s
preference, achieving quality use of medicines by working together with pharmacists and negative perception on
the effect of generics. Hence developing a clear standard guideline on generics and brand substitution and
Awareness creating activities and routine training seemed to be necessary to fill the gap in knowledge and
perception of physicians and pharmacy so as to reduce unnecessary expenditure.
Keywords: knowledge, attitude, practice, health professionals, Generic medicines, Mekelle city.
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