EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

BACTERIAL PROFILE AND RESISTANCE PATTERN OF BACTERIAL ISOLATES FROM BLOOD CULTURE - A FIVE YEAR STUDY IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Dr. Asmita Ashok Patil* and Dr. Pratibha J. Dalal

ABSTRACT

Background: Blood stream infection (BSI) remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world. The data about the bacterial profile of BSI and their resistance pattern in a particular hospital set up can help to decide the empirical line of treatment in these patients. Aims and Objectives: To determine the bacterial profile of BSI and their antimicrobial resistance patterns in our hospital. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the bacterial isolates from blood culture specimens collected from patients admitted in tertiary care hospital was conducted over the period of five years; from 2010 to 2014. Results: Blood samples from 673 clinically diagnosed cases of septicemia were processed. Growth was obtained in only 6.98% cases. Out of these isolates 51.06% were gram positive cocci and 48.94% were gram negative bacilli. Staphylococcus aureus (27.66%) was the predominant organisms followed by P. aeruginosa (19.15%). Amongst gram positive organisms maximum resistance was seen to Penicillin, Ampicillin and Erythromycin while in gram negative bacilli maximum resistance was observed to Ampicillin, Cefuroxime. The Vancomycin and Linezolid are highly active against gram positive organisms whereas Amikacin and Imipenem are highly active against gram negative organisms causing blood stream infections. Conclusion: Blood stream infections in our hospital are caused predominantly by Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrobial resistance surveillance reports on regular basis which can provide valuable insight into resistance trends at a particular medical facility to assist in guidance in the appropriate choice of empiric therapy.

Keywords: Blood stream infections, bacterial profile, resistance pattern, blood culture.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing