( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Yueh-Chin Chung, Ph. D*


Background: Breast cancer is the cancer with the highest incidence among women in my country. Students can use this system to observe the stage changes of virtual human breast cancer, so as to encourage them to conduct regular breast self-examination and early detection and early treatment. The purpose of this study is mainly to integrate the "YOU VR Virtual Reality Teaching Human Structure Learning System" education course to assist college students in performing breast self-examination learning effects. Purpose: A total of 60 male and female students in the third grade of the nursing department of the university were the research objects. The quasi-experimental design was designed, and the experimental group and the control group were randomly assigned. The contents of the questionnaire included personal attributes, breast self-examination knowledge, and breast self-examination skills. Perform analysis, including percentage, mean, t-test, correlation. Results: There are 60 people in the whole study sample, 50 are women (83.3%), 5 people (8.3%) have relatives suffering from breast cancer, 34 people (68%) have regular menstruation, and 34 people (68%) have attended breast self-examination health education courses. 38 people (46.7%), 8 people (13.3%) have regular breast self-examination,he experimental group had an average score of 0.83 (SD=0.11) in the pre-test of breast self-examination knowledge, and an average score of 0.84 (SD=0.09) in the post-test of breast self-examination knowledge. The average score of the control group was 0.79 (SD=0.09 ), the posttest average score was 0.83 (SD=0.07). The same results were compared before and after the breast self-examination knowledge in the experimental group. Breast cancer was the second most common cancer in Taiwanese women since 2001 (0.50 vs 0.97; t = -4.48; p <0.000); Taiwanese women are the second most likely to develop cancer (0.07 vs 0.97; t = -16.16; p <0.000), which is significantly higher in "posttest" than "pretest". The average score of breast self-examination techniques in the experimental group and the control group (17.10 vs 13.17) (total score 18).In the experimental group, the total comparison of breast self-examination knowledge before and after the test (0.79 vs 0.83; t = -2.39; p <0.05), the "post test" is significantly higher than the "pre test". In the control group, the "posttest" was significantly higher than the "pretest". Indicating that intervention activities are still effective, The VR education training in the experimental group was more effective than the traditional breast self-examination course intervention activities in the control group. The correlation between the "breast self-examination knowledge experimental group posttest" and the "breast self-examination technique score experimental group posttest" facets was highly positively correlated (r =.84, p<0.05); ” and “Breast Self-examination Technique Score Control Posttest” facet showed moderate positive correlation (r =.72 , p<0.05). There was a moderate positive correlation between the facets of "Breast self-examination technique score control group pre-test" and "Breast self-examination knowledge control group pre-test" (r =.75, p<0.05). Conclusion: In this study, through the integration of innovative teaching of virtual reality, breast self-examination knowledge and self-examination technology scores are positively correlated. If it can enhance the awareness of breast self-examination of college students and perform correct breast self-examination techniques regularly, it can be used as a future campus promotion breast self-examination plan.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Breast self-examination, Intervention programs, University students.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia