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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

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European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Mayav Osso*, Mostafa Ibrahim and Youssef Youssef


Background: Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is considered a potentially life-threatening event and bronchoscopy represents the cornerstone of both diagnosis and management . Computed tomography(CT) of chest could be appropriated for diagnosis of FBA and might reduce the need for bronchoscopy. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of CT-scan in diagnosis of tracheobronchial FBA. Patients and Methods: An observational descriptive study (case series) conducted for the period one year (2022-2023) at Tishreen University Hospital in Lattakia-Syria. The study included all patients younger than 18 years who visited Otolaryngology clinic with suspected FBA and underwent to bronchoscopy. Performance of CT-scan was evaluated for some patients. Results: Out of 42 cases, 24 were male (57.1%) and 18 were female (42.9%), with mean age of the patients was 3.6±0.9 year. Age group younger than 5 years represented the most frequent group (78.6%). Wheezing (92.9%) and cough (50%) were the most frequent clinical manifestations, with presence of moderate level of FBA suspicion in 23 cases (54.8%) followed by high and low level; (40.4%) and (4.8%) respectively. Cough(p:0.02) and cyanosis(p:0.04) were detected more significantly in severe cases, as well as unilateral radiological findings were observed significantly in moderated and severe cases,p:0.0001. CT-scan was performed in 26 cases(61.9%) which was positive in 24 cases (92.3%) and negative in 2 cases (7.7%). 23 (88.5%) of the patients had a positive CT-scan and bronchoscopy resulting in a sensitivity of 100% , specificity 66.7% , positive predictive value(PPV) 95.8% , negative predictive value (NPV) 100% and accuracy 96.1%.Conclusion: The current study demonstrated that high accuracy of chest CT findings in diagnosis of FBA leads to a low rate of unnecessary bronchoscopy.

Keywords: Bronchoscopy, CT-scan, chest, foreign body aspiration, Syria.

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  • New Issue Published

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia