EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ANALYSIS OF EMERGING COVID-19 AND OTHER BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS IN WASTE WATER AND DRINKING WATER SAMPLES COLLECTED FROM PUNJAB, INDIA

Vinti, Pankaj Mehta* and Chinmaya Mallick

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Risk of developing COVID-19 and other biological contaminants in drinking and waste water were studied. Thus present study evaluates the different parameters to analyze the contamination in drinking water and waste water. Unsafe water sources have an effect on human health and can result in contagious diseases. In current study six samples of drinking water and six samples of sewage waste water were collected for analysis. Three sample of drinking water were collected from Barmajra village of Mohali district and three sample of drinking water were collected from Jagatpura area of Mohali district. Three sample of waste water were collected from the sewage drain in Jagatpura and rest three waste water sample were collected from sewage drain passing from the Kharar region of Mohali district. Methodology: To evaluate the water's quality, fundamental physical factors such colour, pH, temperature, taste, turbidity, and TDS were first examined. Bacteriological parameters were tested to check the presence of bacteriological contaminants. Different types of media were prepared to examine for the presence of pathogenic bacteria species, and biochemical tests were conducted to confirm the bacterial species in samples. To determine the levels of E. coli and total coliforms in drinking water and sewage waste, MPN techniques were utilised. Results: As a result, we learned that E. coli and total coliforms are present in significant amounts in sewage waste water. There are 1100, 1109, 1099, 900, 980 and 990 MPN/100 ml of total coliforms in sewerage waste water, with E. coli counts of 400, 430, 410, 250, 254 and 258MPN/100 ml. The total coliform concentration in drinking water samples is 150, 152, 150, 75, 78 and 77 MPN/100 mL, respectively. 43, 40, 41,7, 9 and 6MPN/100 ml of E. coli, which shouldn't be present in the sample, were found in the drinking water. Now a days it is a severe problem because drinking water samples also contain total coliform and E. coli. When these faecal coliform are found in a sample of drinking water, it indicates that human waste is present in the water. Thus is a serious cause of concern.

Keywords: COVID-19, MPN, Waste water, Drinking water, Coliform, E.coli, Contaminants, pH, TDS, Human faeces.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia