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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Ayesha Amir Basra, Syed Shayan Gilani, Muhammad Shahmeer Fida Rana, Muhammad Nouman Tariq, Manahil Fakhar Khan1, Muhammad Saim Maqsood, Nouman Ahmad Aulakh, Mishail Fatima,
Abdul Hadi Khalid, Wasifa Rafiq Bhatti, Zahra Zahid Piracha*, and Umar Saeed


Objective: This mixed-method, cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence and attitudes toward the spread and treatment of Tuberculosis (TB) in the Lahore district of Pakistan. Design: A mixed-method approach was employed, incorporating quantitative data analysis from surveys of 500 residents and thematic analysis of 500 interviews involving TB patients, health workers, and authorities. Methodology: Conducted from April 6, 2022, to August 8, 2022, in three towns of the Lahore district, this analytical cross-sectional study utilized convenience sampling. A self-structured pre-tested questionnaire facilitated data collection. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS version 21, with mean and standard deviation calculated for quantitative variables. Qualitative variables were expressed through frequency and percentage. The Chi-Square test assessed associations between variables, considering a P value ≤ 0.05 as significant. Results: The mean age of respondents was 35 ± 13.23 years. Among the total respondents, 19 (3.8%) were identified TB cases, with 47.37%, 42.10%, and 10.53% in the age groups of 18–30, 30–50, and above 50 years, respectively. Approximately 43.8% were aware of all TB symptoms, and 61.4% recognized severe cough for two weeks as a potential TB symptom. About 220 respondents believed they could contract TB through close contact, while 111 knew someone with TB in their social circle. In the case of suspected TB infection, 93.2% would seek medical attention, 2% would consult a traditional healer (Hakeem), 1.6% would attempt home-based remedies, and 3.2% would ignore it. Respondents displayed varied attitudes toward TB patients, with 48.0% offering sympathies, 3% remaining neutral, 38.0% providing financial assistance, and 11.0% avoiding TB patients due to infection fears. Conclusion: Lack of awareness regarding TB symptoms in these areas is attributed to insufficient governmental focus and funding. Adequate funding and a sustained medication regimen are crucial to prevent the epidemic spread of TB.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, Pakistan, Prevalence, Attitude, Awareness, DOT, Hussainabad, Khaliqabad, Nawazishabad, Lahore.

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  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 July 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    JULY 2024 issue has been successfully launched on JULY 2024.

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    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia