EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF ORAL CANDIDIASIS IN HIV INFECTED PATIENTS AT IMO STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL (IMSUTH) ORLU (A 10-YEAR RETROSPECITIVE STUDY, 1ST JANUARY 2009 TO 31ST DECEMBER 2021)

Bede Chinedu Azudialu*, Fredrick Chiedozie Anolue, Benedict Ezeanoro Ezemenahi, Henry Chibuikem
Chineke (Jnr), Henry Nnaemeka Chineke (Snr), Victory Chiedozie Chineke and Prosper Obunikem Adogu

ABSTRACT

Background: Oral candidiasis is caused by a common commensal of the oral cavity. However, most species of the genus candida that cause oral candidiasis in HIV patients if not properly and promptly treated with effective drugs, could result in resistance to the drugs and make further treatment very difficult. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of oral candidiasis in HIV infected patients at IMSUTH Orlu over 10 years’ period retrospectively. Methodology: A 10 year retrospective study of HIV infected patients at IMSUTH Orlu. Relevant data were obtained by use of proforma on the patients’ case notes. The collated data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 IBM, USA, and results presented in frequency tables, bar charts and pie charts. Results: The prevalence of oral candidiasis in HIV infected patients at IMSUTH Orlu was 90 %. Most of the respondents were within the age range of 20 to 30 yrs (37%), with more males than females. Higher prevalence was seen in respondents with viral loads of 200-400 copies/ml of plasma (90%), and CD4 count of between 150-250 cells/mm3. Conclusion: The Prevalence of Oral Candidiasis in HIV infected patients at IMSUTH Orlu, is quite high. Attending physicians at the HIV clinic should be aware of this and respond accordingly.

Keywords: Prevalence, Oral, Candidiasis, HIV IMSUTH Orlu.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia