( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Syeda Zuleqaunnisa Begum*, Dr. Sarita and Dr. Mohd. Akram


Pain, categorized as acute and chronic, which is an unpleasant sensory sensation related to tissue damage. Surgical pain, a common occurrence in surgical procedures, includes pre-operative, intraoperative, and post-operative phases. Effective pain management include pharmacologic, physical, and psychological approaches. The aim is to assess orthopedic perioperative pain management prescribing patterns. A prospective, observational study on 20 patients was conducted from June to July 2023, with ethical clearance and informed consent. Inclusion criteria: patients aged >18 with comorbidities undergoing surgery; Exclusion criteria: <18 years, pregnant women, and non-participants. Data on patient demographics, surgery type and pain management prescriptions were collected from inpatient case sheets. In this study of 20 patients, 60% were male, and 40% were female. Most patients were 41-60 years old and were treated for fixation (40%), arthroplasty (30%), arthrodesis (15%), arthroscopy (10%), or amputation (10%). Average hospital stay was 6-8 days. Prescriptions included antibiotics (100%) highly prescribed are cefuroxime-sulbactam (80%), PPIs (100%), and calcium supplements (100%). NSAIDs were given to 95%, antiemetics to 90%, multivitamins to 70%, and neuropathic pain medication to 65%. Anti-arrhythmic and Inj. T. T. were prescribed for 60%, proteolytic enzymes and opioids for 50%, non-opioids for 30%, laxatives for 15%, and muscle relaxants, hypnotics, and anti-platelets for 10%. Orthopedic pain management is vital for recovery. To provide better care, healthcare professionals must refine practices, stay updated, and prioritize evidence-based, patient-centered pain management. If left untreated, pain can lead to severe consequences such as depression, difficulty sleeping, and a significant change in the patient's quality of life.

Keywords: Pain, NSAIDs, Analgesic, Inflammation, Antibiotics, prescribed.

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  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia