A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS IN INPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF CARDIAC-CARE HOSPITAL AT TIRUPATHI
Bandla Aswani*, Purushothama Reddy K. and P. Yanadaiah
Cardiovascular disorders (CVD’s) are estimated to be the leading cause of mortality worldwide. A prospective observational study was carried out at inpatient department of cardiology in tertiary care hospital, Tirupathi from December 2012 – May 2013 during regular ward rounds. This study was aimed to identify the CVD prevalence, assessment various risk factors related to CVD. The demographic details of the patient, disease prevalence, risk factors and socioeconomic factors of 180 inpatients with CVD were collected in a specially designed proforma. The average age of study population was found to be 59.06±1.8 years. Subjects of age groups > 40 years (92.77%) were found to be more susceptible to CVD and majority of them were males 51.66%. Prevalence of coronary artery diseases (CAD’s) was highest 73.33% among the CVD inpatients. Prevalence of CVD was more in urban population 60.66% than the rural population 33.33%. Prevalence of CVD was highest in illiterate 51.11% and occupation status of cooli and house wife patients 59.99 %. CVD were highest in patients of smoking associated with dietary habits of non-vegetarian 36.11%. Medium income status population is more prone to CVD 51.11%. CVD risk factors provided the basis for the prevention, our present study also observed the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors in the patients. As it is a preliminary study, used as a basement for the further studies of prevalence in Indian population it may reduce the incidence of CVD morbidity and mortality.
Keywords: Prevalence, CVD, risk factors, socioeconomic status.
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