PRELIMINARY PHYSICO-CHEMICAL & PHYTO-COGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF THE PROSOPIS CINERARIA (L.) DRUCE STEM IN EAST U.P(INDIA) REGION
*Krishanu Samanta, Anil Kumar and Prakhar Upadhyay
Ayurvedic herbal medicines ensure physical and mental health without side effects containing the natural ingredients. Herbal medicine prepare different part of plant are used. It is an important source of Indian system of medicine. Herbal plants are huge sources of secondary metabolites. Secondary metabolites are responsible for different pharmacological activity. Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, (Family Leguminosae) common name is Ghaf,shami are broadly used in traditional system of medicine throughout different part of India. It is widely available Pakistan, but smaller populations occur in Iran, Afghanistan, and the Arabian Peninsula also P. cineraria (L.) is an important native species to the Northeastern United Arab Emirates (UAE) regions. The Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce occurs in most of the world's hot arid and semi-arid regions as native. The study of diseases and their treatment are important part of our ancient time worldwide. Its leaves, roots, stem, and bark have beneficiary actions for medicinal purposes such as Antioxidant activity, Antidiarrheal activity, Antibacterial activity, Analgesic activity, Antihyperglycemic activity, Anti-cancer activity, Antitumor activity, Bronchodilatory activity, Skeletal muscle relaxant and Anticonvulsant activity. It is used to treatment of anxiety, asthma, bronchitis, dyspepsia, fever, dysentery, leprosy, piles, and tremors, asthma, bronchitis, dysentery, leukoderma, leprosy, muscle tremors and piles. The main aims of this research are Preliminary physico-chemical & Phytocognostical evaluation of the stem parts. The current study deals with the characterization of morphological features, determination of physical constant such as the Total ash value 13.5%,Loss of weight drying was 10.01%, foaming index>100, swelling index were 1.4cm, the percent yield for methanol 12.5%, and aqueous 16.01%.
Keywords: Prosopis cineraria, Fabaceae, Ghaf, swelling index.
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