EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EFFECTS OF MILD UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT ILLNESSES ON MOOD AND COGNITION

Andrew P. Smith*

ABSTRACT

Background: The aetiology and pathogenesis of mild upper respiratory tract illnesses (MURTIs) are well-documented. These illnesses lead to malaise, which reflects reduced well-being, fatigue and impaired performance. This was examined in the present study. Methods: Sixty volunteers participated in the study. Twenty-one of these had a MURTI at the first test session. They returned for a second test session when they were healthy. They were compared with thirty-nine participants who were healthy on both occasions. Mood rating and cognitive performance tasks were carried out in each test session, and a symptom checklist was completed. Results: The first analyses compared those with MURTIs with the healthy group. The MURTI group were less alert and had slower reaction times in simple and choice reaction time tasks. They detected fewer targets in a sustained attention task and were less accurate on a verbal reasoning task. Specific comparisons were then made between the healthy (N=39), sore throat (N=6), cough (N=3), and headache (N=6) groups. All symptom groups were less alert than the healthy group. The headache group showed the greatest impairments with reduced recall of a list of words and attention problems. Conclusion: Individuals with a MURTI were less alert and had a more negative mood than those who were healthy. They also responded more slowly on simple and choice reaction time tasks, had impaired sustained attention, and had less accurate verbal reasoning. Analysis of the specific symptom groups confirmed that having a headache was associated with the greatest impairment. Future research must now examine whether therapies can remove the malaise associated with MURTIs.

Keywords: Mild upper respiratory tract illnesses (MURTIs); Cough; Sore throat; Headache; Reaction time; Alertness; Cognition; Hedonic tone.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia