HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV) AND HEPATITIS C VIRUS (HCV) INFECTIONS AMONG HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS AT OMTH
Dr. Mohammed A. Hammad*, Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Abd Allah and Dr. Rashid Awad Salih
Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses in HD patients at Omdurman Military Teaching Hospitals(OMTH) in Sudan June 2015. To determine the risk factors of hepatitis B and C infection in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This is a cross sectional study which was carried out in Omdurman Military Hospital (OMTH) renal unit in Sudan In June 2015. The notes of patients on maintenance hemodialysis were reviewed and the patients were interviewed by the researchers to collect data regarding the serology status of these patients and potential risk factors which could be associated with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infection. Results: A total of 100 patients were included in this study. Fifty two (52%), were males were females (48) ,48% The prevalence of hepatitis B virus was 5%. The prevalence of hepatitis C virus was 6%. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the prevalence of HBV and HCV infections in hemodialysis patients (HD) at Omdurman Military Teaching Hospitals is similar to other countries. Many actions is required to improve infection control measures in HD centers in Sudan.
Keywords: Hemodialysis (HD), Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, OMTH.
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