IDENTIFICATION, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE OF SALMONELLA ENTERICA ISOLATED FROM DIARRHEAL CHILDREN IN THI-QAR PROVINCE DURING 2015
Ezat H. Mezal*, Zaman K. Hanan and Manal B. Saleh
This study was carried out to isolate Salmonella species from children, 300 fecal samples were collected from children aged (1day-13 years) of both sexes that had suffering from diarrhea in Mohammed Al -Mosawi Hospital in Thi-Qar province. Twenty-four isolates were diagnosed as genus Salmonella and ensured by National center of Salmonella in Baghdad, four Salmonella serotypes were determined as: S .typhimurium (14) (58.3%), S. typhi (4) (16.6. %), S. enteritidis (3) (12.5%), and S. muenchen (3) (12.5. %). The results revealed that the rate of Salmonella isolates in fecal samples of children was (8%). According to the age the rate of Salmonella isolation in different age of children; age (1 day-2 years) showed the highest rate. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to 24 Salmonella isolated showed that all isolates were sensitive to the Amikacin and Gentamycin, while 7 isolates resistance to chloramphenicol, 12 isolates were resistance to nalidixic acid and 6 isolates were resistance to Ciprofloxacin in addition to 8 isolates were resistance to Ampicillin.
Keywords: Salmonella enterica, diarrheal Children.
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