PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF VULVOVAGINAL CANDIDIASIS IN FEMALES OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE GROUP ATTENDING GYNECOLOGICAL OPD AT NAVODAYA MEDICAL COLLEGE
Dr. Rita D., Dr. Geeta B. R.* and Dr. Pushpalatha V. S.
Background: Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by candida species, most commonly affects the reproductive age group females affecting their sexual and social life. various factors influences the disease prevalence specially in developing countries, where the prevalence is often underestimated because of lack of knowledge about reproductive tract infection and less of treatment seeking behaviour. therefore diagnosing and adequate treatment will reduce the recurrence. Aims and Objectives: To study the prevalence and most common risk factors of Vulvovaginal candidiasis and help in reducing the infection and improve quality life of the patient. Methods: A Cross sectional study was done at Gynaecological OPD at Navodaya medical college on 100 Reproductive age group females over 1 year, with complaints of vaginal discharge and itching. Thorough history and examination is done and a high vaginal swab is taken for culture sensitivity. Candida positive results are noted and statistical analysis done. Results: The prevalence in the present study found to be 35% and more common in 19-24 years age. the previous history of vaginal candidiasis being the most common risk factor followed by diabetes and intra uterine contraceptive device. Conclusion: The prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis is high, So any women coming with white discharge per vagina or itching, a routine high vaginal swab to be taken. the distribution of cases are more in reproductive age group, among the low socioeconomic group and in less educated category explains the need for awareness about personel hygiene, health and sex education.
Keywords: High Vaginal Swab, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, Antifungal Agents, White Discharge Per Vagina.
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