EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EVALUATION OF COMPLIANCE WITH TETANUS TOXOID VACCINATION AMONG PERSONS AT RISK IN WARRI, DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

Adje Ufuoma David PhD*, Mokwunye Joseph B. Pharm and Arute Ejophe John PhD

ABSTRACT

Background: Tetanus remains prevalent in many developing countries possibly due to the fact that the vaccine is often taken haphazardly without regard to guideline recommendations. Objectives: To evaluate level of awareness and compliance with the recommended tetanus vaccine schedule among occupationally exposed persons and pregnant women. Methods: A pretested self-administered questionnaire with Chronbach’s alpha coefficient value of 0.62 was administered to 250 artisans and 150 pregnant women. The questionnaire explored knowledge of benefits of the vaccine and respondents’ compliance with recommended schedules. Descriptive statistics was performed. Data was expressed as frequencies and percentages. Results: The level of awareness and exposure to tetanus vaccine was quite high, 206 (85.5%). However, uptake was suboptimal, 147 (61%). More than half, 158 (65.5%) took the vaccine haphazardly. There was a progressive decrease in rates of uptake of subsequent doses of the vaccine, 57 (23.7%), 25 (10.4%) and 12 (4.98) for start dose, second dose and 3rd dose respectively. The proportion of persons that expressed uncertainty about their tetanus vaccination status was very high, ranging from 44.8% to 78%. Uptake of the vaccine was better among pregnant women than artisans. Rate of booster dose uptake among pregnant was low, 9 (9.68%). Conclusion: Uptake of the tetanus vaccine was suboptimal. Rates of default increased with subsequent doses of the vaccine. Awareness and uptake of the vaccine was higher among pregnant women compared to artisans. The proportion of persons with uncertain vaccination status was high.

Keywords: Tetanus toxoid, Vaccination, Compliance, Adherence, Nigeria.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia