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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Fowzia Dahir Mohamed, Ismael Ahmed Omar and Fahmo Hussein ibrahim


Background: A seizure is caused by sudden, abnormal and excessive electrical activity in the brain. By definition, neonatal seizures occur during the neonatal period for a full-term infant, the first 28 days of life. Most occur in the first one to two days to the first week of a baby's life. Premature or low birth weight babies are more likely to suffer neonatal seizures. The neonatal period is the most vulnerable of all periods of life for developing seizures, particularly in the first 1–2 days to the first week from birth. They may be short-lived events lasting for a few days only. Objective: To examine the prevalence and risk factors associated with neonatal seizures among Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) patients at Banadir Hospital, Mogadishu. Methods: This research is quantitative in nature and cross-sectional data collected from 154 respondents. Reason for the selection of this research design is based on multiple reasons i.e. low cost, to get data from large number of respondent in shorter time period and the evaluation of the results proceeded without problems. The sample size was 154 respondents. Results: As regard neonatal seizures, respondents were asked whether they know about its prevalence and here are the findings. The study results revealed that 57.8% of the respondents noted that the seizure onset in their babies lasted for or less than 48 hours and the remaining 42.2% of the respondents noted that their babies had the seizure for more than 48 hours. Therefore most of the respondents had their babies go through seizures onset for less than 48 hours. Conclusion: Finally, neurological problems upon discharge and longer hospital stays were associated with infants with seizures. Seizures are common in newborns as well. Seizures are typically brought on by infections, notably meningitis, and birth-related conditions such infant encephalopathy. The high prevalence may be reduced by public health interventions to ensure safe deliveries, appropriate neonatal resuscitation, and infection control throughout the newborn period. Recommendations: Studies suggest that children should seek treatment if they have clinically evident seizures that last longer than 3 minutes or if they have brief, recurrent seizures. All electrical seizures, even if not clinically evident, should be treated in a specialized facility where electroencephalography is available. However, cardiac monitoring is required with phenytoin or lidocaine. Benzodiazepines, phenytoin, or lidocaine may be used as second-line therapy to control seizures in neonates whose seizures continue after the maximum tolerated dose of phenobarbital is administered.

Keywords: Neonatal Seizures, Electroencephalography (EEG), Neonatal Convulsions, Baby's Airway, Breathing, and Circulation (TABC), Anti-epileptic drug therapy (AED), Neonatals.

[Full Text Article]




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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia