A LITERARY REVIEW ON NABHI MARMA AND ITS ANATOMICAL IMPORTANCE
Dr. Anjali Panwar* and Dr. Naresh Kumar
Marma Sharira is an important concept of Ayurveda. Marma are the point where Mamsa, Sira, Snayu, Asthi and Sandhi meets together. These are critical points of the body associated with different organs, nerves, muscles etc. Prana are situated in Marmas, injury to Marma can lead to Vaikalyta (abnormalities)and death, so considered as vital points. Knowledge of position of Marma and Marmabhighata (injuris to vital points) symptoms produced is essential before performing any surgical treatment. It play important role in surgery hence, it is rightly called as Shalya Vishayardha. Ayurveda described us of Marma therapy for various disease. Marma, definition of Marma, types of Marma, and their Vidhha Lakshana are described by nearly all Ayurvedic texts, especially Trimarmiya Siddhi, Trimarmiya Chikitsa chapter in Charaka Samhita, Marma Vibhaga chapter in Sharia Sthana, Marma Vibhaga chapter in Astanga Sangraha, and Shariravichaya Sharira chapter in Kashyapa Samhita. Aachary Susruta mentioned Nabhi as centre of all Siras and mentioned that pranas resides in Nabhi. Nabhi have a great anatomical importance. Nabhi is considered to be centre of all organs in the body. Nabhi marma is very important as it plays an important role in process like digestion, metabolism as well as absorption. Nabhi marma comes under Sadhyapranahar Marma and Sira Marma according to Acharyaa Susruta.
Keywords: Marma, Nabhi, Ayurveda.
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