EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

MATERNAL AND FETAL OUTCOME IN ABRUPTIO PLACENTA

Fasiha Tasneem* and Raviraj D. Kumbhar

ABSTRACT

Background: Placental abruption is most important cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity and perinatal deaths. Approximately 0.51% of the pregnancies are complicated by placental abruption, 10% of all preterm births and up to 1/3rd all the perinatal deaths are caused by placental abruption. Advanced maternal age, multiparity, low BMI, abruption in previous pregnancy, preeclampsia, polyhydramnios, intrauterine infection, premature rupture of membranes, abdominal trauma, smoking, drug abuse, pregnancy following assisted reproductive techniques and maternal thrombophilia. Methods: This is a prospective analytical study over the period of 18 months. This study includes all cases of abruptio placenta. Results: During the of 18 months, out of antepartum haemorrhage cases 102 were noted abruptio placenta, out of this 37.3% were primigravida, 51.3% were multigravida, 10.8% were grand multigravida, 31.4% were pregnancy induced hypertension, 69.6% unbooked cases, 63.6% cases were found in 24-36 weeks of gestation. Conclusion: Abruptio placentae is an obstetric emergency, which as the name suggest is truly accidental with few warning signs. the incidence though cannot be eliminated, care should be taken to decrease the overall incidence and severity of the condition. by avoiding high parity by timely sterilization, improving socioeconomic status, proper antenatal care, correction of anaemia, identifying cases of preeclampsia and their effective management anticipation of abruption in high-risk cases, timely admission, strict surveillance, prompt action at the time of occurrence can go a long way in bringing better results in dealing with this grave condition.

Keywords: Antepartum haemorrhage, abruptio placenta, preeclampsia, Postpartum haemorrhage.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia