EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

A STUDY TO APPRAISE PRACTICE AND CURRENT TRENDS CONCERNING ANTIBIOTIC USE AND RESISTANCE AMONG COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS - A CROSS SECTIONAL OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Sruthi S. L.*, Dr. Arya M. S. and Professor Dr. Shaiju S. Dharan

ABSTRACT

Antibiotics are medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections and antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Community pharmacist play a critical role in preventing antibiotic resistance by dispensing antibiotics in a safe and rational manner and also by spreading awareness about the consequence of inappropriate use. So, it is essential to assess practice concerning antibiotic use and resistance and to describe current trends of antibiotic provision. The study was a cross-sectional observational study by using a self-administered questionnaire. The study was carried out for duration of 6 months within the community pharmacies of Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. Data were collected via validated self-administered questionnaire and were subjected to analysis through SPSS statistics 13.0 and R software 4.5.1. In our study a total 120 community pharmacists were contacted and requested to fill out the questionnaire through the direct visit of each community pharmacy. A total of 120 responses were collected, of which 118 responses were completed and used for analysis. Out of these respondents 71(60.2%) were females and 47(38.9%) were males. The age group 30- 39 years constituted the highest proportion (39.8%). A total of 84 out of the 118 community pharmacist never dispensed antibiotic without a prescription. Regarding the type of antibiotics the pharmacist would really dispensed to a patient suffering from suspected bacterial infection without a prescription. Penicillin (42.6%) was the most selected class antibiotic followed by Macrolides (29.2%) and Cephalosporin (17.3%). We found no statistical significance between age, sex, qualification and experience with practice scores. Our study finding shows that community pharmacists of Thiruvananthapuram district of South Kerala majority have very good practice scoring and penicillin are most commonly dispensed antibiotics without prescription.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia