A CRITICAL REVIEW ON PANDU AND KAMALA
Dr. Shristi Dhyani, Dr. Neetu, Dr. Sonu and Dr. Shashi Kant Tiwari*
Anemia and jaundice are symptoms or signs of wide variety of clinical conditions have been considered as Pandu and Kamala in Ayurveda. The term anemia is a Greek word meaning less blood or a subnormal total red cell volume. The most common disorder of R.B.C. and public health problem. Four types of hematological problems namely: Anemia’s, Leukaemias, Reticulosis and Hemorrhagic diseases describe in standard text book of Medicine. Jaundice (Fr. Jaunisse, from Jaune = yellow) is the yellow discoloration of tissues caused by retention of bilirubin. It is due to increase of the bilirubin content of blood. Normal level of bilirubin is 0.2 – 1.2 mg per 100 ml of plasma. Jaundice becomes manifest when the bilirubin content of blood rises to 2 mg per 100 ml. it is not a disease but manifestation of different diseases like hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, bile duct calculi, pancreatic carcinoma, and carcinoma metastatic to the liver. There is a closed relation between Pandu and Kamala Roga due to (a) significant change from normal colour of the body i.e. Pandu varna (pallor) or Haridra varna (b) predominant involvement of Pitta dosa (c) dominant involvement of Rakta dhatu (d) seat of disease is Tvaka, slesmadhara kala and kostha (e) uses of louha and mandura preparations and (f) involvement of Raktavaha srota. Both the clinical conditions described as disease (swatantra roga), as symptom of different diseases (paratantra roga) and as complication (upadrava) in Ayurveda.
[Full Text Article]