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*Dr. Krishna Namdeo Kadam and Dr. Viraj Vilas Jadhav


In India the Guinea Worm Disease was endemic in 89 districts in seven states. India was declared as guinea worm disease free country by WHO in 2000. But intestinal parasitic infection is a main public health problem in developing countries. In Ayurveda, reference of Snayuka roga is available in Bhavprakash, Sharangadhara Samhita, Madhava Nidana and Yogaratnakara. Snayuka roga is caused by a kapha-raktaja krimi, named Snayuka. This disease is characterised by shotha (swelling), daha (severe burning sensation), discolouration of skin, blisters formation similar to visarpa (Erysipelas) and it further worsens the condition if the jivam (worm) crawls out of ulcer breaks further worsens the condition. On complete exit of worm from body through the wound, the symptoms get reduced. However, it can reoccur in other distant places. These symptoms and presentation of Snayuka roga resembles with Dracunculiasis in modern science, which was endemic in various countries in last century. Dracunculiasis, a vector-borne disease, commonly known as Guinea-worm disease, is caused by the parasite called Dracunculus medinensis, commonly called as "Guinea-worm". Its larvae migrate through the Cyclops containing water to the hosts by drinking and after degeneration of Cyclops in the stomach; they migrate to subcutaneous tissues, causing severe pain along with burning sensation followed by local swelling, blisters and finally an ulcer. There is need to create awareness among people about intestinal parasitic infections. Most discussion regarding Snayuka roga encounters in Ayurveda literarature is analogous with dracunculiasis. Hence, here an effort has been made to understand and review Snayuka roga, caused by Snayuka krimi as explained in Ayurvedic texts, correlating Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease- GWD).

Keywords: Snayuka roga, Dracunculiasis, Guinea worm, Snayuka krimi, GWD.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia