EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

TRENDS OF UTI (URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN INDIA)

Deepali A. Gohel, Dr. Anju Dhar*, Soni D. Gupta, Raksha Patel, Rupesh D. Dingankar

ABSTRACT

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common type of infection and it can occur in any part of the urinary system which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra. Symptoms typically include needing to urinate often, having pain in lower back of side or burning micturition while urinating .Most of the UTI get treated with Antibiotics. Urinary tract infection is one of the infectious diseases affecting both genders. Women are at greater risk of developing a UTI than are men. Women get UTI up to 30 times more often than men do.Also,as many as 4 in 10 women who get UTI will get at least one more within 6 months.[1] With this background the UTI cases from all over India were studied. In a period of 1 year (2021-2022), a total of 8072 samples were processed and analysed for the prevalence of UTI in India. The present study shows the gender-wise distribution of UTI, among them 35.56% were males and 64.44% were females. In this study the percentage of UTI is common in women in the reproductive age and post-menopausal stage. This study also shows age-wise distribution of UTI as children (55.48%), adults (49.63%) and elderly (53.41%). An analysis of UTI positive culture showed the presence of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp, Enterobacter spp, Citrobacter spp, Proteus spp, Pseudomonas spp, Acinetobacter spp, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp. This study also provides the seasonal trend of UTI in India. According to the graph plotted for seasonal trend in UTI, it is found that there is a decrease in percentage positivity of almost all above mentioned organisms in winter season except for organisms Klebsiella spp. and Citrobacter spp. whose percentage increases in the winter season and then decreases in the summer season.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia