EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PATHOGENESIS AND MANAGEMENT OF POLY CYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE: A REVIEW

Hardik Dalal* and Dr. Shelly Garg

ABSTRACT

PCOS, an abbreviation for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is the most common endocrine disorder in women reproductive age. Women diagnosed with PCOS exhibit multiple symptoms like irregular menstrual periods, acne, excessive hair on the body and the face, heavy periods, pelvic pain, infertility and patches of dark and thick skin. The criteria for the diagnosis of PCOS, stated that presence of any two of the following three conditions are present, Excess androgen activity, Oligo-ovulation/anovulation, and Polycystic ovaries. Approximately 2-20 % women between the ages of 18 and 44 years are affected. Majority of women that have PCOS are either obese or have insulin resistance. The irregularity of menstrual periods, excess hair on the face and body, heavy menstrual periods, pelvic pain, acne, infertility and thick patches of dark and velvety skin are some of the most profound symptoms of PCOS. Other conditions that are linked with PCOS are obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, type II diabetes, mood disorders, heart disease and endometrial cancer. Obesity, lack of exercise and a family history of the condition are major risk factors leading to PCOS. Pelvic ultrasound, although is a major diagnostic means, apart from that GTT and other blood tests can also be performed. As of now, PCOS doesn’t have a cure. Treatment is more of management and involves lifestyle changes like exercise and weight loss. Birth control pills and other hormone therapies can help as improvement in the regularity of periods, acne and excessive hair growth. Anti-androgens and metformin also help.

Keywords: Cysts, Lifestyle, Obesity, PCOS, Rotterdam.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia