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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Shilpika Nagula* and Pasupula Sri Varsha, Sushma Kukka Prathyusha Kotigari, Arun Sai Kowdagani and Naveen Kongiri


Background: Kidney stones are also known as renal calculi which are formed in the kidneys due to crystal aggregation which are formed from the dietary minerals which are present in the urine. Renal calculus or crystal aggregation is a complex process which involves super-saturation, nucleation, growth, aggregation and retention of crystals within the kidney. Various in-vitro and in-vivo studies reveled that some of the phytochemical elements which are present in various plant species are useful in the management of urolithiasis or kidney stones or renal calculi. In the present study Spirulina platensis and Trachyspermum ammi were selected for screening their in-vitro anti-urolithiatic activity. Objectives: To isolate the active constituents from spirulina platensis and fruits of trachyspermum ammi through various extraction procedures, and to perform the anti-urolithiatic activity studies by titrimetric method of analysis, aggregation and nucleation and compare the percentage of inhibition and percent dissolution between the two herbal drug extracts. Results and Discussion: Both the Spirulina and Ajowan (trachyspermum ammi) extracts has shown significant level of percentage of inhibition in both the nucleation and aggregation assay, it has been observed that as the concentration (100, 200, 300, 400, 500μg/ml) of both the herbal drugs extract was increased there was significant level of decrease in the growth of the CaOx crystals spirulina showed more inhibition of the crystal growth than ajowan when compared to the standard drug cystone. In titrimetric method the percent dissolution of the spirulina was more than ajowan, and spirulina showed almost equal percent dissolution to standard drug cystone. Conclusion: From the above study Spirulina platensis and Trachyspermum ammi (Ajowan) has shown anti-urolithiatic activity by inhibiting the crystal growth, Spirulina platensis has shown more inhibition of crystal growth compared to Trachyspermum ammi.

Keywords: Anti-urolithiatic Activity, Nucleation, Aggregation, Percentage Inhibition.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database