( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



*Osagiator Nosakhare, Isabel Naomi Aika and Emoghena Itakpe


Introduction: Malaria remains one of the most common and widely treated infections in tropical countries including Nigeria. Treatment of malaria is complicated in the presence of typhoid fever which requires the use of antibiotics. Proper diagnosis is usually needed to exclude typhoid fever and the subsequent use of antibiotics with malaria therapy, since inappropriate use contributes to antimicrobial resistance. Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of the co-administration of antibiotics in malarial treatment and the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at the General Outpatient Pharmacy Department (GOPD) of Central Hospital, Benin city, Edo state, Nigeria. Structured interview questionnaire was used for data collection and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences [SPSS] version 22. Descriptive statistics was carried out on all variables. Results: A total of 276 respondents participated in the study. About 97(35.1%) conducted a malaria test on current hospital visit. 117(42.4%) said antibiotics were prescribed alongside their antimalarials the last time they treated malaria before their current hospital visit. About 185(67%) of respondents used artemisinin-based combination therapies the last time they treated malaria. 151(54.7%) of current prescription for malaria treatment had an antibiotic. The most prescribed antibiotic is Amoxicillin clavulanic acid 38(13.7%). Conclusion: The findings from this study indicate that more than half of the prescriptions for treatment of malaria had an antibiotic majority of which do not have a laboratory basis for it. This suggests that most prescribers practice presumptive treatment with antibiotics which is a culprit for antimicrobial resistance.

Keywords: Malaria, Antimalarial drugs, Pharmacists, Patients, Antibiotics.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 November 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    November issue has been successfully launched on 1 November 2023

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

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  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database