A CLINICAL STUDY OF ADULT PATIENTS OF PLEURAL EFFUSION IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTER: A CROSS SECTIONAL OBSERVASTIONAL STUDY
Dr Anita Basavaraj and Dr. Naveen Kannur*
Background: accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity is known as pleural effusion. It is the most common pleural disease and also one of the major cause of pulmonary morbidity and mortality. Most common cause in india is tuberculosis. It may be benign or malignant with rise in malignant effusion cases in recent. This study was done to evaluate clinical profile of new adult onset pleural effusion cases. Objective: To study recent trends in clinical profile of pleural effusion of adult patients in tertiary care unit. Material and Method: A cross sectional study which included all the patients of more than 18 years age admitted with pleural effusion in the department of General medicine at tertiary care center between January 2020 to June 2021. Results: the spectrum of etiology ranges from tb to nephrotic syndrome, tb being the leading cause followed by pneumonia. Peak age of incidence between 20-50 years and Male predominace. Conclusion: clinical profile tend of pleural effusion in adults appears to be similar to past in developing country like india with infectious diseases especially tb still being leading cause indicating need for extra efforts and programmes to control tb.
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