STUDY OF ETIOLOGY OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN A TERITIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN KOLAR
Dr. Vaishnavi Alam*, Dr. B.N. Raghavendra Prasad, Dr. Vidyasagar and Dr. Uphar Gupta
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in India cannot be assessed accurately. With the westernisation of our society and increase in chronic morbidities increase in trend is expected in our country as well. The approximate prevalence of CKD is 800 per million population (pmp) and the incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is 150–200 pmp. The most common cause of CKD in population-based studies is diabetic nephropathy. Until recently, the government did not recognize CKD/ESRD as a significant problem in India. The treatment of chronic kidney disease and its advanced stage end stage renal disease is expensive and beyond the reach of average Indian. Thus it is crucial that prevention of chronic kidney disease has to be the goal of medical fraternity, government of India and the general public. To tackle the problem of limited access to renal replacement therapy, an important method would be to try and reduce the incidence of end stage renal disease and the need of renal replacement therapy by preventive measures. Objective: The aim of this study shall be to try to find the frequencies of occurrence of the etiologies as well as their temporal association to chronic kidney disease in a teritiary care hospital in kolar district. Materials and Methods: 100 patients of Chronic Kidney Disease undergoing haemodialysis in the renal dialysis unit of R.L. Jalappa Hospital, Kolar. Results: Detailed history was taken and examination will be carried out, noted and etiology association of various risk factors for CKD is determined according to their frequency of occurrence.
Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, India, Epidemiology, prevention.
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