DISTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT BLOOD GROUPS AMONG BLOOD DONATIONS OF A BLOOD BANK LOCATED IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF MANDI DISTRICT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH
Dr. Bandna Gautam, Dr. Pallavi Sharma, Dr. Yamini Yadav and Dr. Vikas Thakur*
Background: The knowledge of ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood group are of prime significance for blood transfusions in management of anemias or acute hemorrhages due to trauma, organ transplantations, family studies and forensic investigations. This knowledge is further of great asset to blood bank inventory. Aims & Objectives: To assess prevalence of different blood groups in blood donations for a year in a tertiary care health institution. Methods: Cross-sectional study using hospital records of blood bank regarding distribution of ABO blood groups among all blood donations from 1st January 2021 to 31st December 2021. Results: There were 3324 blood donations in blood bank under our study during one year w.e.f 1st January 2021 to 31st December 2021. Amongst them B+ive blood group had maximum prevalence of 30.02% followed by A+ive blood group which was 26.05%. O+ive blood group was present among 24.09% of all donations and AB+ive donors were 13.57%. Prevalence of A-ive, B-ive, O-ive and AB-ive blood group donations was 1.81%, 2.19%, 1.50% and 0.75% respectively. Among negative blood groups B-ive had maximum prevalence and AB-ive had the least prevalence. Conclusions: Knowledge about distribution of blood groups in given population is of great attribute during emergency. This knowledge is backbone of blood bank directory, which will further fulfill need regarding availability of different blood groups as per distribution.
Keywords: ABO blood groups, Rhesus (Rh) blood group, blood donations, negative blood groups.
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