SCENARIOS FOR THE SCOPE OF PLANT AND ALGAE IN BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
Manam Walait*, Huda Rehman Mir, Aaroj, Maryam Batool, Muhammad Irfan, Mahrukh Siddique, Arsheen Rehman, Saad Muhammad Islam, Muhammad Junaid Iftikhar, Tasmiya Kamran
Biofuel is basically a technique through which fossil fuels are being replaced by natural resources. Biofuels are of two types primary biofuels and secondary biofuels. Primary biofuels are the one that can be obtained from fuelwoods, plants and animal waste while secondary biofuels are directly created from plants and microbes and are divided into three sub-categories 1st generation biofuels, 2nd generation biofuels and 3rd generation biofuels. Green algae are basically eukaryotic, photosynthetic, watery plants that belongs to unicellular organism group. They contain a green pigment known as chlorophyll but lack stems, roots and vascular tissues. On the other hand, biomass is the sustainable organic material required for the generation of electricity and energy hence green algae biomass is the combination of both algae and biomass so they are one of the greatest sources of energy and it can provide enough amount of energy which means it can substitute the fossil fuel hence green algae biomass could be a feasible alternative to fossil fuels. But in spite of that, this innovation must overpower some of the obstacles before it can be competitively and widely deployed in the fuel market. These challenges involve strain recognition and advancement in terms of both oil efficiency and crop preservation as well as nutrient, resource allocation and the manufacturing of co-products to upgrade the financial matters of the complete framework. Biofuel is the only sustainable source which can substitute the fossil fuel directly for the present and the future energy restriction as it is an environment- friendly and viable energy. As a result, algae are one of the most suitable for the production of biofuel because of their quick development, high photosynthetic effectiveness and high biofuel productivity.
Keywords: Strain recognition, advancement, photosynthetic, energy, environment.
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