EFFECTIVENESS OF OLIVE OIL BACK MASSAGE ON LABOUR PAIN INTENSITY AND APPLICATION OF THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK BASED ON LUDWIG VON BERTALANFFY GENERALL SYSTEM THEORY (1950) OR SYSTEM MODEL
The study was conducted with the aim to assess the effectiveness of Olive Oil Back Massage on Labour Pain intensity among Primigravida Women during First Stage Of Labour Admitted in Maternity Hospital Skims, Soura Srinagar, Kashmir.″ Quantitative research approach with Quasi Experimental, Time Series Non Equivalent control group design [Pre-test Post-test Control group design] was considered appropriate to evaluate the effectiveness of olive oil back massage on labour pain intensity score during the first stage of labour among primigravida women. Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to collect data from 60 subjects and were assigned to control group (n1=30) and experimental group (n2=30). Data was collected using Structured interview schedule for assessing demographic variables, Labour assessment proforma and Abbey pain scale. Multiple institutions of treatment (Olive oil back massage) was given to experimental group. Theoritical framework for present study is based on Ludwig Von Bertalanffy Generall System Theory (1950) or System Model and is divided into three phases; Input, Procees. Output. The mean with S.D of pre-test labour pain assessment of study subjects was almost same i.e (14.20±1.584 and 14.23±1.569), where as mean with S.D of post-test I labour pain assessment was (14.47±1.358) in control group and (12.10±1.626) in experimental group with (p=0.0000) and mean with S.D of post-test II labour pain assessment was (14.77±1.073) in control group and (9.53±1.961) in Experimental group with (p=0.0000).The results also revealed that there was no significant association between pre-test intensity of labour pain score and selected demographic variables such as age, education, and type of family at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study concluded that olive oil back massage is effective in reducing labour pain intensity among primigravida women during first stage of labour.
Keywords: Primigravida women, first stage of labour, Back massage, Olive oil, effectiveness.
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