EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

THE IMPACT OF HIGH HEELS ON LOW BACK PAIN AMONG UNMARRIED AND MARRIED WOMEN

*R. Siva Anandhi, R. Nanda Gopal, Priya Kumari, Dr. P. Senthil Selvam

ABSTRACT

Background: According to recent research, women who wear heels on a daily basis face permanent problems such as back pain as a result of the heels. A survey shows that women who wear heels more than 3 times a week are among 1/3 of them facing back pain on a permanent basis.[16] The present study is to determine whether the high heels impact on the low back pain in the married and un married women. Aim and Objective of The Study: The aim of this study to find the impact of high heels on low back pain among unmarried and married women. To determine the impact of low back pain associated with wearing heels among married women and unmarried women. Methodology: 30 subjects of unmarried women and married women who are using high heels. Among 30 subjects 15 are married women, 15 subjects are unmarried women. Rolando Morris Questionnaire is a 24- item patient reported outcome measure that enquires about pain -related disability resulting from low back pain.[17] Items are scored 0 if left blank or 1 if endorsed for a total Roland Morris Questionnaire score ranging from 0 to 24; higher scores represent higher levels of pain -related disability. Result: RMQ Scores of Married women (20.067) is greater than unmarried women (10.667). RMQ Score is around 2 times greater in married women. Conclusion: High heels have a significant association with the presence of low back pain. The data also suggests that the twice greater impact of high heels on the married women than the unmarried women. This study concluded that the impact of high heels on the married women than the unmarried women.

Keywords: Low back pain, high heel, Roland-morris disability questionnaire.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database