A STUDY OF MODERN CONTRACEPTION PRACTICES IN AN URBAN SLUM AREA
*Dr. Ravindra Gurav, Dr. Keerthana C. and Dr. Sambasivan Venkat
Background: India is the first country in the world to adopt an official population policy and launch official family planning program way back in 1952. This program remains the foundation of family planning efforts. During its early years, the program focused on the health rationale of family planning. Family planning as a strategy for population stabilization received attention only after 1971 population censes. This strategy can have a positive impact on population growth, maternal mortality, and infant as well as new-born outcomes. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in a randomly selected locality from a slum area catered by an urban health training center of a Medical College. All married males in the age group of 21 to 60 years and all married females in the reproductive age group of 15 to 49 years residing in it were included in the study. The complete enumeration technique was used to conduct the present study, to eliminate sampling bias. Results: The prevalence of modern contraception use including use of condom by husband among married females in the reproductive age group of 15 to 49 years was 80.52% and in case of married males in the age group of 21 to 60 years, it was 18.57%. Conclusion: In the present study, it is observed that the prevalence of use of modern contraception among married females in the age group of 15 to 49 years in urban slum area is higher than the finding of NFHS-5(2019-21).
Keywords: Contraception Practices, Urban Area.
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