REVIEW ON IMPORTANCE OF TRI MARMA
Rohit Rawat*, Dr R. K. Gautam and Bipin Nautiyal
Marma is a well acceptable theory of ayurveda which resembles acupressure/acupuncture of modern medicine. Marma can be considered as meridian point system of ayurveda. First mention of the term marma is found in Atharveda. Science may have been dominant during the Vedic Kala due to the war time, marmashastra acquired a new insight as a science concerned with Marmasareera and Marmabhighata. Marma is the body's critical point associated with various organs and nerves. Ayurveda describes the use of marma therapy for vrious diseases and the recognition of marma points to be healed as damage to these marma points can cause serious harmful effects. Marma is also explained as the anatomical region in which Mamsa, Sira, Snayu, Asthi and Sandhi are jointly present in the five-principle anatomical structures. It is Prana's concentrated point, that gives its vitality. It is a place where there is a sensation of pulsation, and pressure pain. The Tri-marmiya Adhyaya( 23)is the special features of the Chikitsa Marma. They reflect to a greater or lesser degree an component of Ayurvedic therapy as an emergency. Shira, Hridaya & Basti (Trimarma) are the essential authoritative organs that serve the three separate structures of the Triarma I.e – Nervous, cardio-vascular, and urinary tract. The present studies show the medical & surgical importance of tri marma in clinical literature.
Keywords: Ayurveda,marmaMarmabhighata, Trimarma, Prana, Traumatic injury.
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