EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING, PROXIMATE AND ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF STEM BARKS OF Cassia fistula Linn

*Koushik Saha, Tarique Ahmed Nishan, Md. Abu Bakar Siddique, Mehedi Hasan, Md Farid Uddin and Md. Awlad Hossain

ABSTRACT

Different parts of Cassia fistula Linn are utilized in ayurveda medicine and homemade cures for common illnesses. This research work was aimed at screening the phytochemicals in different solvent extracts, proximate composition and analysis the quantity of different essential elements of the stem barks of C. fistula Linn using standard methods. From phytochemical screening, different types of natural compounds such as steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, coumarines, quinones, saponins, tannins and carbohydrates were confirmed in the extracts. The result of the analysis revealed that steroids, terpenoids and flavonoids were present in all the extracts but alkaloids were not found in any of the extracts. Proximate analysis was carried out on the barks of C. fistula which showed that it has 11.37% moisture content, 84.99% dry matter and 3.64% ash content. Meanwhile, using atomic absorption spectroscopic technique, 14 elements in total were identified after analyzing the micro and macro elements. From the analysis, it was observed that the plant showed higher concentration of Ca, K, Mg and lower concentration of Cd, Pb, Cr and As. The most significant part of this analysis was that the concentration of essential elements in the plant is high and the concentration of toxic heavy elements is very low within the tolerance limit, which signifies that plant is safe for the medicinal use.

Keywords: Phytochemical Screening, Proximate composition, Elemental analysis, Stem bark, Cassia fistula Linn.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database