EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIBIOTICS IN PEDIATRICS WARD OF HIWOT FANA SPECIALIZED UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, HARAR, EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Lelise Ambaw1 and Tesfaye Gabriel

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Irrational prescribing of drugs is the major health problem in medical practice resulting in ineffective treatment, development of antibiotic-resistant organism, adverse effects and economic burden on patient and society. The aim of the study was to assess prescribing pattern of antibiotics in pediatric ward of Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital (HFSUH). Methods: A retrospective study of all prescribing records in the pediatric ward of HFSUH from April 1/2012 to April1/2013 was conducted. All prescribing records were evaluated for the appropriate dose, frequency and duration of treatment. The WHO core prescribing indicators were assessed. Result: A total of 326 patient’s medical cards with at least one antibiotic were reviewed. From this 142(43.6%) were female where as 184(56.4) were male. Crystalline penicillin was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic. Amoxclav was the least prescribed drugs for the pediatric patients. The maximum number of antibiotics concomitantly prescribed was five and the average number of antibiotics per patient was 2.1. Conclusion: In this study, irrational prescribing pattern of antibiotics was evaluated. From a total drug prescribed, antibiotics took 68.8%. This showed over prescribing of antibiotics when compared to standard WHO value.

Keywords: Prescribing Pattern, Antibiotics, Pediatrics, Inappropriate Prescription, WHO Core Drug Use Indicators.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )