UNIQUE MEDICINAL STUDY ON TULSI (OCIMUM SANCTUM L.) PLANT IN RAYAGADA, ODISHA: A REVIEW
Sunil Kumar Bishoyi and Upendra Prasad Tripathy*
Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum L.) a medicinal plant well-known as “holy basil” is a blessing in Indian system of medicine. It is available and cultivated throughout India. Tulsi is derived a Sanskrit word that means “matchless one” and known as “Queen of herbs” (Incomparable one). Ocimum sanctum L. (Tulsi) is a member of family Lamiaceae. The plant possesses innumerable benefits of health and therefore called as “Elixir of life.” The whole plant of Tulsi has been used as traditional system of medicines for the treatment of skin disease, Arthritis, eye diseases, insect bites, malaria, and bronchitis. This plant has been known to possess Anticancer, Antifertility, Antidiabetic, Antifungal, Antimicrobial, Analgesic, Antispasmodic, Cardio protective and adaptogenic actions. The main phytoconstituents available in the plant are Eugenol, euginal, urosolic acid, Carvacrol, Linalool, Limatrol, Caryophyllene, methyl carvicol, sito-sterol and anthocyans. Thus, the use of Ocimum sanctum L. for human therapy and makes stronger the importance of the ethno-medicinal approach as a potential source of bioactive substances. In the present paper a clear review regarding the biological activities of Ocimum sanctum L. is undertaken with the view of local herbal medicine practitioners of Rayagada district of Odisha.
Keywords: Ocimum sanctum L., Antiferitility, Antimicrobial, Antidiabetic, Antifungal, Analgesic, Anticancer, Antispamodic & Cardio protective.
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