A CRITICAL REVIEW ON ASHMARI (RENAL STONE)
Amir Khan* and Ajay Kumar Gupta
In Samhita period, Sushruta, the „Father of surgery‟ has mentioned about Urinary stone under the heading of Ashmari in detail, including etiological factors, classification, symptomatology, pathology, complications and its management in a most scientific manner. Ashmari description is the specific contribution of Acharya Sushruta and he included it in the “Astha Mahagada” may be owing to its potentiality to disturb the anatomy and physiology of urinary system. Renal stone resembles with Ashmari in Ayurveda. ‘Ashm’ means Stone and „Ari’ means an enemy. So, it behaves like enemy for body. The comman management of Renal stone are Analgesics, Antispasmodic, Diuretic drugs and Hydration, Lithotripsy and various surgical procedures. But complication of surgery like Hematuria, Post- operative bleeding, Hematoma, Urinary leakage, Ureteric obstruction, etc,. So there is always a need for conservative Ayurvedic management of Ashmari in view of avoiding complications.
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