EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

TO STUDY AND EVALUATE THE LEVELS OF HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN INDIAN CLASSICAL SINGERS AND COMPARE THEM WITH THAT OF NON-SINGERS.

Dr. Shivali Barwal*

ABSTRACT

Background: An Observational Retrospective Cohort Study titled “To study the effects of Indian Classical Singing on pulmonary and cardiac parameters” was conducted in the department of Physiology, IGMC, Shimla. Singing has been associated with physiological effects, including changes in both the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. The cardiovascular parameters evaluated in this study are mainly Blood Pressure and Heart Rate. Materials and Method: For the study group 45 trained Indian classical singers were selected from the degree colleges, private musical academies of Shimla and Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla. In the control group 45 age and sex matched subjects were included from amongst healthy volunteers (from IGMC or Degree colleges). Heart rate levels were measured by using Ssmed pulse oximeter in the left index finger. The blood pressure was recorded by using a mercury sphygmomanometer. The data was evaluated statistically. Results: The difference in the mean heart rate levels of singers and the non-singers was highly significant.(p value <0.05). The mean value of HR in the singer group was 64.81(±8.98) bpm and the control non-singer group was 77.53(±5.77) bpm. The difference in the mean systolic BP and mean diastolic BP levels of singers and the non-singers was not significant. Conclusions: Significant decrease in the heart rate levels is seen after regular practice of singing especially the Indian classical singing in the present study. The blood pressure levels remain more towards the normal.

Keywords: heart rate, blood pressure, homeostasis, parasympathetic dominance.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database