EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF MEDICALLY COMPROMISED PATIENTS VISITING CLINICS OF COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY AT KING SAUD UNIVERSITY

*Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Zaid Mohammed Aldhuayan, Nasser Abdulrahman Alsolaihim and
Hamed Sallom Alshamrani

ABSTRACT

Background: Knowledge of systemic conditions is essential for successful dental management therefore impaired health status of medically compromised patients works as alarm for dentist. Objective: To determine the prevalence of various medical conditions among patients visiting clinics of the College of Dentistry at King Saud University (KSU). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study, conducted in College of Dentistry at KSU, Riyadh. This study included inspection of files of all the patient seeking dental treatment in the clinics during 5 years period from June 2009 to June 2014. Files with incomplete personal and medical information or non-legible record were excluded from the study. Systemic sampling technique was used to review approximately (15436) files. The collected data were entered into SPSS Version 20. Descriptive statistics (frequencies, means and standard deviations) were generated. Proportional test between gender was used. P value less than 0.05 was considered as level of significant. Results: Data were obtained from 15436 patients’ file (8125 completed files; 5284(65%) male; 2841(35%) female). About 1633 (20.1%) of the patients had at least one medical condition. The most common diseases were diabetes mellitus 422(5.2%), hypertension 343(4.2%), asthma 221(2.7%), anemia 122(1.5%), bleeding tendency 50(0.6%) and hypothyroidism 45(0.6%). There were statistically significant differences between male and female in hypertension disease (male 3.6%; female 5.4%, p=0.00); anemia disease (male 0.9%, female 2.6%, p=0.00); hematological disease (male 0.1%, female 0.3%, p=0.03); hepatitis (male 0.3%, female 0.1%, p=0.03); syphilis disease (male 0.2%, female 0.0%, p=0.03); hypothyroidism (male 0.0%, female 1.5%, p=0.00); other thyroid disease (male 0.0%, female 0.4%, p=0.00); penicillin allergy (male 0.3%, female 0.9%, p=0.00). Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and asthma were most prevalent medical conditions among dental patients. Therefore, documenting the full medical history and clinical examinations are necessary before and after dental treatment.

Keywords: Dental patients; medically compromised; dental clinics; diabetes mellitus; hypertension; asthma.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )