BLOOD TRANSFUSION REACTION IN ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING WITH SEVERE ANEMIA: A CASE REPORT
Richa Lucy, Rahul S.*, Shiv Kumar and Doddayya H.
Blood transfusion remains a life-saving therapy and according to World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, of 10 units per 1000 population, approximately 8 million units of blood are currently needed to meet the transfusion demand for a population of about 800 million. Blood transfusion may be needed in circumstances like obstetric hemorrhage, road traffic accidents, armed conflicts, sickle cell disease, anaemias especially in children, malnutrition, HIV, malaria, and parasitic infections. It is important to highlight the blood transfusion reactions, possible causes, expected symptoms and signs, preventive measures, and appropriate management. Blood transfusion reaction refers to undesirable, unintended, adverse response to the administration of blood, blood components, or derivatives that are well thought-out to be definitely probable or possibly related to this product. About 0.5–3% of all transfusions result in transfusion reaction. Blood transfusion reaction/adverse transfusion reactions could be fatal/severe or mild, immediate or delayed, immunological or nonimmunological, and infectious or non-infectious.
Keywords: adverse blood reactions, blood transfusions, clinical features, management, immunological, immediate, infectious.
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