EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

STUDY OF CHOLESTEATOMA CASES AT ALMOUWASAT UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, DAMASCUS, SYRIA

Louei Darjazini Nahas, Ahmad Hamsho, Karim AlHenedi*, Imad Al Khija and Mohamd Hasan AlSousi

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to study the prevalence of cholesteatomas and its complications and the effect it conducts on auditory ossicles. Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective study of the files of the patients who reviewed AlMouwasat University Hospital and were diagnosed with middle ear cholesteatomas. This study included all cases from 1/1/2016 to 30/11/2019. Only the authors to ensure the privacy collected all the data and all the names and personal information were blinded. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 25.0. Results: 27% of all patients were children (≤16 years old) and 73% were adults (>16 years old). Males were more dominant with 54% compared to females with 46%. Otorrhea was found in 91.2%, hypoacusis in 87.8%, tinnitus in 32.7% and vertigo in 24.5%. Labyrinthine fistula was found in 2 cases and neurological symptoms (facial nerve palsy) in 4 cases. Erosion of ossicles was found in 79% with the Incus in 91.3%, Stapes in 50% and Malleus in 38%. Conclusion: The etiology of cholesteatomas remains unknown. Bigger epidemiological and statistical data, surgical reports, and conclusions of experimental studies are needed, as they may provide support for clarifying the pathogenesis of cholesteatoma.

Keywords: Otorrhea, hypoacusis, vertigo, cholesteatomas.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )