EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CONCOMITANT PECTORALIS MINOR, PECTORALIS QUARTUS AND AXILLARY ARCH

Dr. Suman Verma* and Dr. Sulochana Sakthivel

ABSTRACT

Pectoralis minor, a flat muscle underneath pectoralis major, takes origin from third to fifth ribs and forms an important landmark for axillary artery. Pectoralis quartus is an accessory muscle sometimes seen along lateral margin of pectoralis major. Axillary arch is typically seen crossing over the neurovascular structures in the axilla and its presence can compress the axillary vessels. During dissection in a female cadaver, a bilateral variation in the origin of pectoralis minor along with the presence of pectoralis quartus and axillary arch was found. The pectoralis minor was attached to second to fourth ribs on the right, and second and third ribs on the left side. The pectoralis quartus was seen bilaterally as a broad muscle lateral to the pectoralis minor, and was inserted on the fascia covering the short head of biceps brachii and coracobrachialis. An atypical axillary arch on left side was seen between lateral margin of pectoralis quartus and fascia over short head of biceps brachii. Its identification is especially relevant during axillary lymphadenectomy for delineating the surgical field boundaries. The presence of variant pectoralis minor and pectoralis quartus would affect the approach to pectoral region for breast implant surgeries or mobilizing pectoral muscle flaps for grafting.

Keywords: pectoralis minor, accessory muscles, pectoralis quartus, axillary arch, pectoral muscles.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )