EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PRE-CANCEROUS CERVICAL LESION USING VISUAL INSPECTION WITH ACETIC ACID AMONG WOMEN ATTENDING ANTI-RETROVIRAL THERAPY IN TIGRAY HOSPITALS, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA.

Haftom Gebrehiwot W/aregay, *Sheeba Kumari and Yemane Berhane

ABSTRACT

Background: Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of death for middle-aged women in the developing world, yet it is almost completely preventable if precancerous lesions are identified and treated in a timely manner. Despite this fact, very few women receive screening and testing services in developing countries including Ethiopia. Methods: A facility based cross sectional studies both quantitative and qualitative methods were conducted from April to June/2015 at Tigray Public hospitals. Data were checked, coded and entered to Epi-info version 7, and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis and multiple logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with the outcome variable. The transcribed and translated qualitative data was triangulated and thematically described. Results: A total number of 88 (20.2 %(95% CI = 13%, 29%) human subjects had positive Visual Inspection with Acetic acid test among four hundred thirty five (435) HIV infected women. Having ever history of sexually transmitted disease (AOR=4.04, 95%CI: 2.19, 7.44), Age at first birth less than 18 years (AOR=3.36, 95%CI: 1.79, 6.32), Having more than one lifetime sexual partner (AOR=2.91, 95%CI: 1.13, 7.52),and Base line CD4 count less than 200cells/mm3 before HAART (AOR=7.51, 95%CI: 3.58, 15.68) were factors associated with precancerous cervical lesion. Conclusions: The magnitude of precancerous Cervical Lesion is high.Ever history of sexually transmitted disease, Age at first birth less than 18 years, having more than one lifetime sexual partner and Base line CD4 count less than 200cells/mm3 before HAART were factors associated with precancerous cervical lesion. Thus, therefore, screening for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia is recommended for all women with HIV.

Keywords: Cervical cancer, VIA, Precancerous Cervical Lesion, & HIV.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia