( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Mahmoud A. R.*, Dr. Amin S.M., Dr. Usman Gwaram A.


Breast cancer occurring during pregnancy presents a challenging clinical situation since the welfare of both the mother and the fetus must be taken into consideration in any treatment plan. It presents some difficulty in detection because of hormone-influenced tissue engorgement and the tendency to limit attention to the pregnancy itself. The need for early detection therefore is of paramount importance in order to prevent increased morbidity and mortality. Clinical assessment in pregnancy which entails breast and axillary examination might result in low detection rates because of changes in the breast during pregnancy and this may necessitate complimentary breast ultrasound scan for complete evaluation. A longitudinal comparative study involving antenatal clinic attendees at the National Hospital, Abuja was carried out between May 15, 2018 to February 22, 2019. A total of sixty four pregnant women participated in the study group. Sixty two (97%) of patients were aware of breast cancer. Three breast masses (4.7%) (two solid and one cystic) were detected in the antenatal period and two solid masses (3.1%) during post natal period. All solid masses detected in both ante natal and postnatal periods were detected by both clinical breast examination and breast ultrasound scan while the cystic mass was detected by breast ultrasound during the antenatal period only. Although more masses were detected with breast ultrasound scan than by clinical breast examination, there was no statistically significant difference between them, 3 versus 2; P=0.604. The histology report of the lesions showed fibroadenoma in all cases with masses, no breast malignancy was detected. We conclude that with increasing rates of breast cancer and late ages of childbearing, we will likely be faced with more cases of pregnancy associated breast cancer. Therefore, awareness and screening of breast cancer in pregnancy is of paramount importance so as to avoid late detection with its associated morbidity and mortality.

Keywords: Gestational breast cancer, breast cancer, Nigeria.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 September 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    SEPTEMBER issue has been successfully launched on 1 SEPTEMBER 2023.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database